•                                                                                     Head Lice

                                                                             Head lice bug


    Just the thought of head lice can start a person's head to itching.  Most people just don't want to think about it and hope that they don't have to deal with them.  The fact is that head lice have been around since biblical times and have been able to survive well in our world.  They have become resistant to some of the chemicals we have used to treat them and so the only way to not let them ruin your day, is to think about them.  It is important to be proactive in your approach.  Develop a routine of checking your student's head at least weekly, more often is best.  Do your head checks in natural sun light if possible.  It that is not a possibility, make sure you are in a brightly lit room or you may use a flash light or lamp to assist with lighting. 

    Ms. Maren demonstrates how to do an effective lice check

      
                                                                                                
    Picking a Treatment Method

    OPTIONS:

    Your ready to decide what treatment method will be best for your family.  Check this list and remember that you are answering these questions for the person being treated and the person doing the treatment. 

      _______ Has the child being treated for head lice been treated with a chemical   treatment this time or an earlier case?

      _______ Has the child's home or bedding been treated with lice spray?

      _______ Does the child have asthma, allergies, epilepsy, AIDS, cancer, or any other illness?

      _______ Is the child currently or recently been on medication?

      _______ Is the home or school treated by a monthly exterminator or frequent bug bombs exposing the child to pesticides?

      _______ Is the person applying the treatment pregnant or nursing? 

    If you or the child can answer yes to one of the above questions, it it recommended a non-chemical alternative be used. 

    No treatment method is recommended for pregnant women, nursing mothers, or children under the age of two without seeing a doctor first.  Chemical treatments are pesticides or more accurately pediculicides.  These chemicals can build up in the human body and are not always washed away at the end of treatment, as people would like to think. 


    ***{Special Note:  Treatments listed below are information about products obtainable in our area.  This nurse does not recommend any one product over another.}***

    Non-Chemical Choices 

    Please remember that no treatment kills eggs. Hand pick and remove all nits. This is the very most important step.

    Lice Freee
    Active Ingredients: Natrum Muriaticum 1X (Sodium Chloride, USP)
    This can be purchased at:  CVS Eckerd, Walgreens, Wal-Mart
    Cost:   about $9.00 for 1 four-oz bottle
    Cost:   about $20.00 for

    • 2 four-oz (118.3ml) bottles for two complete applications:  Each 4-oz bottle is enough for one complete application.
    • Professional stainless steel nit/egg removal comb:  A fine-toothed, metal comb specially designed to help remove the dead lice and eggs (nits)
    • Two application caps:  The plastic caps help hold moisture in, keep the product from drying out, and make it more comfortable to move around during the 60-minute treatment period.
    Directions:

    Important: 
     Read Warnings Before Using.  Shake well.  Do not wet or shampoo hair before using product.  Keep out of eyes.
    1. Apply product to dry hair and entire scalp, starting at the nape of neck and behind ears (where lice congregate) and work forward. Thoroughly saturate all hair and scalp.  to be effective, all lice and nits must come in full contact with the product.
    2. Put plastic cap on head and leave on for at least 60 minutes.  For best results, stay in a warm room.
    3. With product still in hair, remove plastic cap, and comb out all dead lice and nits with enclosed fine tooth nit comb.  Rinse comb out under running water.
    4. Once all lice and nits are combed out, rinse hair thoroughly with warm, running water.
    5. Thoroughly inspect and comb hair and scalp a second time to assure complete removal of all lice and nits.
    6. Hand pick and remove all nits. This is the very most important step.
    7. Lice Freee! may be used as often as necessary.  A second treatment in 7-10 days is recommended to kill any newly hatched lice.

    The Melaleuca Way
    Active Ingredients: Melaleuca oil
    can be purchased at:     mydeltafire@yahoo.com    or     www.momswin.com/gracelikerain 
    or buy calling 1-931-232-6310 or 1-931-305-8783
    Cost:   Melaleuca oil 8oz  $10.00, Solu-Mel 4oz 13.00, T-36-C5 Shampoo 1oz 14.00
    {Max price listed, please call rep for current promotional pricing.}

    Product codes to ask about:

    • Melaleuca Shampoo oil  8oz (#4118)   32oz (#4906)  twin pack 8oz each (#5050)
    • Solu-Mel  4oz (#110) twin pack 4oz each (#5023) 16oz (#130)
    • ReNew Bath oil 4oz (#108)
    • T-36-C5 1oz (#199) 0.5oz (#3650)
    • Mela-Power 32oz (#3441 or #4333)  96oz (#3440 or #4332) 

    Directions:

    Important:  Read Warnings Before Using.  Read all packaged instructions before use.
    1. Shampoo scalp and hair with the T-36-C5 shampoo to soften and dislodge nits.
    2. Comb through the hair to fumigate the live insects. 
    3. Wrap in towel for 10 minutes.
    4. Hand pick, comb and remove all nits. This is the very most important step.
    5. Repeat immediately.
    6. Then repeat every other day for 5 days.

    Company offers a preventative plan as well. 


    Tea Tree Oil
    Active Ingredients: Deionized Water, Tea Tree Oil, (Oil of Melaleuca alterifolia), SD-40 Alcohol (Pure Grain Alcohol), Polysorbate-60
    can be purchased at:  GNC
    Cost:   unable to provide at this time.

    Directions:

    Important:  Read Warnings Before Using.  Read product's information and instructions first.

    1. Apply Tea Tree Oil to dry hair and entire scalp, starting at the nape of neck and behind ears (where lice like live) and work forward.  Soak all hair and scalp to be effective, all lice and nits must come in full contact with the product.
    2. Put plastic cap on head and leave on for at least 60 minutes.  For best results, stay in a warm room.
    3. With Tea Tree Oil still in hair, remove plastic cap, and comb out all dead lice and nits with a fine tooth nit comb.  Rinse comb out under running water.
    4. Once all lice and nits are combed out, rinse hair thoroughly with warm water, shampoo as normal.
    5. Inspect and comb hair and scalp a second time to assure complete removal of all lice and nits.
    6. Hand pick and remove all nits. This is the very most important step.
    7. May be used as often as necessary.  
    8. May be repeated daily as needed, and weekly as a preventative.

     Straight From The Kitchen


    Mayonnaise Or Olive Oil
    Active Ingredients: Mayonnaise Or Olive Oil
    can be purchased at:  any grocery

    Cost:   Prices vary depending on name brand.  I recommend a larger amount, but any brand will work.

    Directions:

    Apply a small amount of mayonnaise on the head.

    1. Massage the mayonnaise into the hair and scalp.
    2. Keep adding more mayonnaise and massaging until scalp and hair are soaked in the mayonnaise.
    3. Wrap in plastic or cover with a shower cap for 8 hours
    4. Hand pick and remove all nits. This is the very most important step.
    5. Shampoo as normal. (Dawn dishwashing soap used as a shampoo will help to remove oil)
    6. Repeat this treatment every week for three weeks.
    The CHEMICAL Choices


    Please see "Picking a Treatment" before deciding.  The Chemical Choice may not be right for you.
    Remember that no treatment kills eggs. Hand pick and remove all nits. This is the most important step!

     

    Rid
    Active ingredients: Piperonyl butoxide (4%) Pyrethrum extract (equivalent to 0.33% pyrethrins)
    This can be purchased at:  Wal-Mart
    Cost: Kit $17.88, 6 oz. shampoo and conditioner in one $11.97,  2 oz. shampoo and conditioner in one $7.88.


    Directions:

    Before using, read Package Insert for complete directions.

    • Apply to affected area until all the hair is thoroughly wet with product.
    • Allow product to remain on area for 10 minutes but no longer.
    • Add sufficient warm water to form a lather and shampoo as usual. Rinse thoroughly.
    • A fine-toothed comb or a special lice/nit removing comb may be used to help remove dead lice or their eggs (nits) from hair.
    • A second treatment must be done in 7-10 days to kill any newly hatched lice.


    Nix Complete Lice Treatment System
    Active Ingredients: Permethrin 280mg (1%)

    Can be purchased at:  Wal-Mart
    Cost:   Multipak (2 bottles) $15.00


    Directions:


    Before using, read Package Insert for complete directions.

    • Wash hair with a shampoo without conditioner. Do not use a shampoo that contain a conditioner or a conditioner alone since this may decrease the activity of Nix. Rinse with water.
    • Towel dry hair so it is damp but not wet.
    • Shake the bottle of Nix well.
    • Completely saturate the hair and scalp with Nix. Begin to apply NIX behind the ears and at the back of the neck.
    • Keep Nix out of the eyes. Protect the eyes with a washcloth or towel.
    • Leave NIX on the hair for 10 minutes, but no longer.
    • Rinse with warm water.
    • Towel dry hair and comb out tangles.
    • Hand pick and remove all nits. This is the most important step!
    • If live lice are seen seven days or more after the first treatment, a second treatment should be given.

    Rite Aid Lice Control Kit
    Active Ingredients: Piperonyl butoxide, technical 4.00%, Pyrethrum extract 0.33%
    Can be purchased at:  Rite Aid Pharmacy (Murray)
    Cost:  about $9.00 for 8 oz of shampoo.

    Directions:

    Before using, read Package Insert for complete directions.

    • apply to affected area until all the hair is thoroughly wet with product
    • leave on for 10 minutes but no longer
    • add enough warm water to form lather, and shampoo as usual
    • rinse thoroughly
    • a fine toothed or special lice/nit removing comb may be used to help remove dead lice or their eggs (nits) from hair (remove all nits !)
    • a second treatment must be done in 7 to 10 days to kill any newly hatched lice

    Equate Lice Killing Shampoo
    Active ingredients Piperonyl butoxide (4%) Pyrethrum extract (equivalent to 0.33% pyrethrins) 
    This can be purchased at:  Wal-Mart
    Cost: Kit Includes 4 oz. lice shampoo 2 oz. live egg remover (???) 2 combs $11.67, 6 oz. shampoo  $5.96,  2 oz. shampoo  $3.50.

    Directions:

    Before using, read Package Insert for complete directions.

    • Apply to affected area until all the hair is thoroughly wet with product.
    • Allow product to remain on area for 10 minutes but no longer.
    • Add sufficient warm water to form a lather and shampoo as usual. Rinse thoroughly.
    • A fine-toothed comb or a special lice/nit removing comb may be used to help remove dead lice or their eggs (nits) from hair. (Must remove all nits)
    • A second treatment must be done in 7-10 days to kill any newly hatched lice.
     
    If you have found head lice and have completed a treatment, the next step is to take steps to insure that you remove any stray lice from your house.

    Cleaning List

     Hand pick and remove all nits. 
     *This is the very most important step. 
    * Check all family members
    *Treat family members with head lice.

     Wash in 130 degree water.
    Sheets & blankets
    combs & brushes
    Hair accessories
    recently worn clothes*
    recently used towels*
    *recent = within the last 3 days


    Place in dryer for 20-40 minutes on high
    Pillows
    Coats
    Blankets


    Vacuum or place in sealed plastic bag for 3-5 days
     furniture
    rugs
    stuffed animals
    car seats
    beds
    sport helmets
    earphones / headsets